Structured cabling is building or campus telecommunications cabling infrastructure that consists of standardized numbered of smaller elements called subsystems. Structured cabling design and installation is governed by a set of standards that specify wiring data centers, offices, and apartment buildings for data or voice communications using various kinds of cable. These cables include:
Category 5e (CAT-5e)
It is a standard Ethernet network cable which consists of four twisted pairs of copper wire terminated by RJ45 connectors. Cat-5 cabling supports frequencies up to 100 MHz and speeds up to 1000 Mbps. Ca tegory 5e is the ideal medium for today’s high speed protocols.
Category 6 (CAT-6)
It is a cable standard used mainly for Ethernet computer networking, security systems, and telephone services which are backward compatible with the Category 5/5e and Category 3 cable standards.CAT6 supports Gigabit Ethernet speeds up to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) and supports communications at more than twice the speed of CAT5e. It provides an excellent platform for existing high speed applications and for future applications utilizing high speed full duplex transport. An enhanced version of CAT6 called CAT6a supports up to 10 Gbps speeds.
Fiber Optic Cabling
Fiber optic cable consists of a bundle of glass threads, each of which is capable of transmitting messages modulated onto light waves. It supports a much greater bandwidth than metal cables, allow to carrying more data. Fiber optic cables are less susceptible to interference than metal cables. The transmission of data is in digital form, different from metal cables which transmit analogically. Today, optical fiber technologies permeate a variety of industries.
Modular connector is electrical connectors commonly used for telephone systems, data networks, and low-speed serial connections. A modular connector’s advantages over many other kinds include small size and ease of plugging and unplugging, inexpensive and relatively simple to terminate.